Dialogue 2 News

 ICPD Beyond 2014

altIn addition, seventeen years ago, 179 countries met in Cairo for the United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). The outcome of the conference, the first time all aspects of human life was addressed comprehensively, was a twenty-year Programme of Action recognizing that every person counts, and that population is not about numbers but about people and their quality of life. Governments agreed that all human beings are entitled to a healthy and productive life without discrimination, and that promoting individual rights and dignity are paramount to economic growth and sustainable development. This compilation of universal ideals was a milestone, outlining a shared commitment to improving the lives of all people around the world through promoting human rights and dignity, supporting family planning, sexual and reproductive health and rights, advancing gender equality, insisting on equal access to education for girls, eliminating violence against women, as well as focusing on issues relating to population and protecting the environment.

As the programme’s twenty year anniversary approaches, the General Assembly of the United Nations mandated UNFPA, through Resolution 65/234 on the follow-up to the ICPD beyond 2014, in cooperation with all relevant organizations of the UN system and other relevant international organizations, as well as institutions and experts, to “undertake an operational review of the implementation of the Programme of Action (PoA) on the basis of the highest-quality data and analysis of the state of population and development, taking into account the need for a systematic, comprehensive and integrated approach to population and development issues”. A major source of data and information for the operational review will derive from reviews to be undertaken by Governments, at the request of the General Assembly, of the progress achieved and the constraints faced therein in the implementation of the Programme of Action at the national and regional levels.

Based on the results of the review, two mandated reports will be prepared for both the 47th Session of the Commission on Population and Development (CPD) in 2014 and the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on the ICPD Beyond 2014 of the same year. The two reports are: (a) a comprehensive global report on the state of population and development reflecting population trends, data and information from national, regional and other sources and (b) the report of the Secretary-General which will distil the main messages from the global report. These reports will provide an authoritative picture of the state of population and development in 2014, identify and address new or emerging challenges and opportunities for accelerating the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action and make suggestions on how to address them, including by reinforcing the integration of the population and development agenda into global development frameworks, such as the post 2015 MDGs. These reports will constitute a major reference for the discussion and implementation of population and development policies and programmes beyond 2014.

In this regard, UNFPA has partnered with CHESTRAD to hold its Africa Regional CS Stakeholder Consultation on ICPD Beyond 2014. The Africa Consultation will be the first regional meeting of CS and young people to contribute to the capacity and plan for the involvement of these stakeholders to effectively participate in the entire process, at the national regional and global levels.

 Scaling Up and Improving the Quality of Health Professional Education (Civil Society Engagement)

altTo improve population health and meet the challenges of the health related MDGs, fundamental reforms are required in both undergraduate and post-graduate education and training systems and institutions. There is a need to increase the numbers of adequately trained health professionals and to ensure that their training can address the country's health needs. Furthermore governments need to ensure that they are equitably distributed in urban, rural and remote areas and health services, from primary to tertiary levels, to provide high-quality care.

This radical transformation of health professional education puts population health needs and expectations at the centre of care and uses population health outcomes as crucial measures to assess the success of the educational process. Isolated improvements in individual educational institutions or narrowly defined health sector reforms will not be enough. The efforts of national education and health ministries will only be effective with simultaneous engagement of educational institutions, private sector providers, professional associations, civil society and communities. This pre-meeting will (a) update civil society on the process and progress of developing global guidelines on transformative medical education, discuss the outcome document of the recently conducted survey with civil society and engage participants in the identification of effective strategies for engaging civil society in the implementation platform.

 

GAVI Alliance Advocacy Strategy: Deepening Engagement of Southern Civil Society in Increasing Equitable Immunisation Coverage

altAn important component of the GAVI Alliance’s Advocacy Strategy – which the GAVI Board will be considering this year – involves deepening the engagement of Southern civil society in advancing access, results and global/national accountability in increasing equitable immunisation coverage.  GAVI seeks to partner with CHESTRAD and use the opportunity of the 2nd Dialogue and Retreat of the Alliance of Southern CS in Global Health to consult on the Strategy to ensure that it is as robust as possible, and also to strengthen CS ownership of the Strategy.